The caecum is the portion of the large intestine just before the ascending colon that attaches to the small intestine. Several problems can occur with the caecum that each require medical treatment.
According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, infants may be born with malrotation, a condition that causes incomplete rotation of the colon, an improper positioning of the caecum and a partial blockage of the small intestine.
Malrotation causes vomiting of bile, is a medical emergency and requires surgery to untwist the colon and remove tissue that blocks the digestive tract.
An ileocecal fistula is an abnormal growth of tissue between the caecum and ileum that can exist at birth or develop from a digestive disorder such as Crohn’s disease.
Fistulas can cause abdominal pain and may be surgically removed. Infections associated with a fistula may be treated with antibiotics.
A cecal volvulus develops when the caecum and ascending colon become twisted. This condition can cut off circulation, result in a hole in the colon wall and cause gangrene.
A volvulus causes abdominal pain and is a medical emergency that requires surgery to untwist the colon.