Extrinsic motivation comes from outside. It is the basis of our educational system, going back to the behaviourists' theories on learning. B.F. Skinner believed that if you reinforce a good response, it will be repeated.
Other People Are Reading
Only good grades get a sticker. From the beginning children are rewarded for good work. Lack of a sticker is a disappointment, so they learn to work for it.
Token motivation is practised in many different forms. One example is earning "school money" for good behaviour, academic or social. The money is used to purchase items, or for participation in a special event.
Grades earn promotions. The ultimate goal is a career and successful life. Students are held back or do not graduate if they do not pass the tests.
If students wait for grades they are no longer motivators and loose their impact. To this end, most school post grades on the Internet for students and parents to access.
No Pass, No Play
No Pass, No Play is a state wide initiative in Texas. If you do not pass, you will not participate in extra-curricular activities such as band, cheerleading, choir, or sports.
Programs are created to give instant gratification. Students are praised and sometimes given rewards.
- 20 of the funniest online reviews ever
- 14 Biggest lies people tell in online dating sites
- Hilarious things Google thinks you're trying to search for