What is the Good Friday Agreement?

Updated March 23, 2017

For decades the people of Northern Ireland lived amid civil unrest, violence and bloodshed. Clashes between British forces, who ruled the country, and freedom fighters were regular occurrences. Tensions were heightened even more by the government of Ireland's desire to see Northern Ireland reunited with its original homeland. The Good Friday Agreement ended the violence and set Northern Ireland on a new course.

Good Friday

The Good Friday Agreement was a peace agreement signed between Northern Ireland, the United Kingdom and Ireland. It was signed by the parties on April 10, 1998, which happened to be Good Friday.

George Mitchell

U.S. President Bill Clinton sent retired U.S. Senator George Mitchell to help negotiate the deal.


The outline for the negotiation agenda took more than one year to complete and the negotiations lasted 700 days before an agreement was reached.


The agreement recognised Northern Ireland and the United Kingdom as two sovereign states and called for the complete independence of Northern Ireland in the future.

New Government

Within the agreement, the formation of a new government was outlined, including the establishment of Northern Ireland governmental departments and a time line for elections.


The agreement called for mutual cooperation between the United Kingdom, Ireland and Northern Ireland in areas where they shared interests. Shared interests included tourism, health, the environment, transportation, education and agriculture.

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About the Author

Michael Evans was born in Memphis, Tenn. He graduated from The University of Memphis, earning a Bachelor of Arts degree in communication. His primary course of study was photography and film production. He first began writing professionally for iOwn Inc. in 1997, and was published by LensWork Magazine in 2003.