According to the University of Illinois Medical Center, epididymitis is not generally contagious but may accompany a contagious sexually transmitted disease.
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Epididymitis is an infection of the epididymis, which is a tube located on the back of the testicle where the sperm pass.
Potential symptoms of epididymitis are red, warm skin on the scrotum; swollen or tender testicle or groin area; testicle pain that feels worse during a bowel movement; fever and chills; discharge from the urethra; pain or burning with urination; pain with sex; lump in a testicle; lower abdominal or pelvic discomfort; or blood in the semen, according to the University of Michigan Health System.
Bacterial infections, including urinary tract infections, sexually transmitted diseases or prostate infection can cause epididymitis. Other possible causes are fungal infection, Henoch-Schoenlein purpura (a disease with rash and swelling of joints), prostate removal, a medical procedure that affects your urinary tract or a heart medicine called amiodarone.
Treatment for epididymitis is usually antibiotics.
To prevent epididymitis, keep your penis and scrotum clean, see your doctor promptly if you have burning when you urinate or a discharge from the penis and use a condom with sex.
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