Epididymitis is a type of infection that occurs in the epididymis, the tube that connects the testicles with the vas deferens. When it is caused by bacteria, doctors often prescribe antibiotics for treatment.
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Antibiotics used for the treatment of epididymitis function by preventing bacterial cells from creating proteins necessary for energy and growth. Eventually, without these proteins, bacterial cells die.
Types of Antibiotics
Antibiotics used to treat epididymitis include doxycycline, azithromycin, ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, according to UrologyHealth.org.
Doctors typically prescribe a minimum of two weeks of antibiotics for the treatment epididymitis, reports UrologyHealth.org.
The most common side effects of antibiotic medications are upset stomach and diarrhoea. Some patients experience severe allergic reactions from antibiotics, and antibiotics also pose a risk for severe inflammation of the colon, according to the online Merck Manuals.
In some cases, epididymitis becomes a chronic condition, meaning it may disappear and recur at a later time, requiring another round of antibiotics.
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