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How Does a Hollow Mortise Chisel Bit Work?

Updated May 25, 2017

Hollow chisels are devices that can be used with a drill press or dedicated mortising machine to produce square-cornered mortises that eliminate the need to round over tenons.

Components

The hollow chisel consists of a very sharp, thin-walled, square bit with an auger in the centre. The auger closely resembles a drill bit.

Function

While the auger bores out most of the waste material, the square bit takes care of squaring up the cut by shearing the wood around the auger. The auger then channels the sawdust it creates up through the hollow centre of the square bit.

Using the Hollow Chisel

It is important to have even pressure on all four sides of the hollow chisel as it slices through the wood. For that reason, it's best not to overlap cuts.

Advantages

The hollow chisel is not nearly as loud as cutting mortises with a router and is quicker than creating mortises by hand.

Considerations

The square bit must be kept very sharp. Any wood chips that clog up in the centre of the hollow chisel can cause the bit to overheat.

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About the Author

Robert Korpella has been writing professionally since 2000. He is a certified Master Naturalist, regularly monitors stream water quality and is the editor of freshare.net, a site exploring the Ozarks outdoors. Korpella's work has appeared in a variety of publications. He holds a bachelor's degree from the University of Arkansas.