A plantar fibroma is a benign nodule (fibrous knot) in the arch of the foot. It may develop on one or both feet and can require different treatments. Treatments include supportive shoes, steroid injections, physiotherapy, orthotic devices and surgery.
Physicians may advise supportive shoes to reduce friction on the foot sole. Some of these supportive shoes include sneakers, low-heeled shoes and slippers.
Non-surgical treatments include steroid injections, such as corticosteroid medications. Steroid injections can temporarily shrink the size of the plantar fibroma and provide pain relief.
Patients with plantar fibromas may respond to physiotherapy treatments. Physiotherapy treatments include electrical stimulation, ultrasound and hot packs to relieve foot pain.
Podiatrists may recommend orthotic devices as a treatment for plantar fibroma. One type of orthotic device is a custom shoe insert to reduce foot pain and distribute body weight.
Patients may require invasive treatment for plantar fibromas, such as surgery. A surgeon dissects the fatty tissue on the feet and removes the fibromas before stitching the surgical incision. Postoperative care includes rest and elevation of the foot.
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