A groin strain is a result of a tear or rupture that occurs in any of the five adductor muscles. The adductor muscles include the pectineus, adductor brevis, adductor longus, gracilis and adductor magnus.
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Grade One Symptoms
Grade one is normally minor damage. Less than 10 per cent of the muscle fibres will be torn. Symptoms include discomfort in the inner thigh or groin; groin muscles may feel tight or tender to the touch; or discomfort in running or a changing of direction.
Grade Two Symptoms
Grade two is a moderate tear with 10 to 90 per cent of the muscle fibres torn. Symptoms include sudden sharp pain in the groin or adductor muscles when exercising; tightening of the groin muscles a day ofter the strain; minor swelling or bruising; weakness and pain when squeezing the legs together; discomfort and pain in stretching the strained muscles; or pain when running (walking may be affected as well).
Grade Three Symptoms
Grade three is the most serious groin injury---a partial or full rupture. Symptoms include severe pain during exercise, sprinting, changing direction or running; substantial bruising and swelling on the inner thigh within 24 hours of the injury; pain when stretching the muscles, and/or a lump on the muscles.
Most groin strains are a result of exercise. They can be due to external injury and a strain when performing such tasks as lifting a heavy or awkward object.
Groin strains are treated with rest, compression, ice, elevation, and pain medication if needed.
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