What Is the Role of a Security Officer?

Written by faith davies
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The term security officer was once exclusively affiliated with information technology. Over the years, the role of a security officer has expanded greatly to include other areas of responsibility besides keeping a company's computers secure.

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A company's security officer is an executive responsible for ensuring the safety of physical assets, employees and the digital information of a company.


Security officers develop business continuity plans--detailed courses of action that are executed in the event of an emergency. Officers also develop policies relating to security and devise methods of keeping the data contained in computer systems safe.

Types of Issues

Some of the issues that security officers must plan for and deal with include, fires, earthquakes, storms, power failures, terrorism, workplace violence, robbery, information theft and fraud.


Security officers oversee the installation of physical security devices like cameras and alarms as well as data-security devices like encryption software or firewalls. Officers also ensure that departments and satellite locations of a company conduct safety training with employees, such as reviewing and practicing procedures for evacuation in the case of an emergency.


To be effective in their role, security officers must have a high level of oral and written communications skills and be able to think quickly and act under pressure. Security officers must also understand risk management and have a working knowledge of federal, state and local laws for required security measures in the officer's industry.

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