What Tools Were Used During Medieval Times?

Written by monty dayton
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What Tools Were Used During Medieval Times?
A hammer is an example of a Medieval tool still in use today. (Image by Flickr.com, courtesy of Cellular Immunity)

Medieval tools include a wide range of instruments, some which are outdated while some are still used today. While varying greatly from trade to trade, most tools in Medieval times had to be simple but effective.

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Misconceptions

The biggest single misconception about Medieval tools is that they were much different from many of the tools used today. Some classic examples of simple tools still in use are hammers, mallets and metal snips.

What Tools Were Used During Medieval Times?
A hammer is an example of a Medieval tool still in use today. (Image by Flickr.com, courtesy of Cellular Immunity)

Medieval Tools for Stone Working

Medieval tools for stone working are going to look very familiar to modern masons. Baskets were used to haul stones to and from buildings sites, trowels were used for spreading mortar, and mason chisels were used to decorate or carve stone.

What Tools Were Used During Medieval Times?
Chisels were used to carve stone. (Image by Flickr.com, courtesy of David Merrett)

Medieval Tools for Farming

Tractors and combines obviously didn't exist back then, so the heavy work was done with the sickle to cut crops. Pitchforks were used to bail hay.

What Tools Were Used During Medieval Times?
Pitchforks were used to bail hay. (Image by Flickr.com, courtesy of Brendon)

Medieval Tools as Weapons

Peasants were often called to battle without arms or training, so many Medieval tools had to double as weapons. Some of the most common would include knives (dirks), axes, hammers, pitchforks and sickles or scythes.

Minor Changes

Many Medieval tools have been modified only slightly over time. A pitchfork then had only two or three tines (perhaps even made of wood). A modern pitchfork will have more tines and a metal head. Many other Medieval tools have undergone similar transformations.

Similar to Far East Medieval Tools

Far East Medieval tools are similar to European Medieval tools. The sai and staff were tools that could be used for self defence, just like the European axe and pitchfork.

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