Sodium chloride, or salt, tablets are available over the counter and by prescription for people who are experiencing low sodium levels that result from dehydration, excess sweating and other conditions that result in sodium depletion.
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Sodium chloride is necessary for regulating water distribution between cells in the body and is necessary for nervous system and muscle functioning. Sodium chloride tablets are available to help ensure that sodium levels do not become too low.
Symptoms of insufficient sodium intake include confusion, tiredness, nausea and muscle spasms. If you experience these symptoms, consult your doctor. In cases of extremely low sodium levels, coma or death may occur.
Hyponatremia is a medical condition that results in low sodium levels in the blood. Individuals with poor kidney functioning, cirrhosis of the liver, heart failure, certain types of cancer and pituitary disorders have an increased risk of hyponatrema.
Rare, but serious, side effects may occur after taking sodium chloride, including rash, hives, itching, respiratory problems, chest tightness, swelling, gastrointestinal discomfort and vomiting. Seek medical treatment if these side effects occur. They may indicate an allergic reaction or sodium levels that are too high.
Decreasing water intake or increasing sodium in the diet can help raise sodium levels. However, it is important to see a doctor to make sure an underlying medical condition is not the cause of low sodium levels.
Sodium chloride tablets should not be taken if sodium levels are elevated. Consult your doctor prior to taking sodium chloride tablets if you are pregnant, have a history of cardiovascular disease or decreased kidney or liver functioning.
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