Cat eczema is the common name for a condition called feline miliary dermatitis. Cats affected by eczema may be uncomfortable due to severe itch, but the condition can be treated successfully.
Eczema is not a disease, but rather a symptom of another problem affecting cats. Eczema can be found on any cat, regardless of age or breed.
Causes of eczema in cats include infections, allergies, food deficiencies, hormonal imbalances and internal or external parasites, such as tapeworms or fleas.
A cat affected by eczema will have a series of flaky or crusty scabs on its skin. The cat may scratch itself, rub up against furniture or walls, or lick excessively to alleviate the itch caused by the lesions. Hair loss can occur.
A veterinarian's physical examination can confirm the presence of feline miliary dDermatitis. The cause of the eczema will be investigated through physical examination, fecal samples and blood work.
Depending on the cause, eczema in cats can be treated by removing the parasites (flea shampoos, ringworm medication), trying a new type of food (vitamin deficiencies) or prescribing an antibiotic (infections).