Factors that determine how fast grass seed will germinate include moisture, temperature, oxygen and sunlight. Oxygen, for instance, may not be present in sufficient amounts when the soil is overly watered. Another important factor: Some types of grasses simply germinate quicker than others. These grasses are usually of the warm-season variety and in areas with ample rainfall.
Bent grass is one of the fastest of all the grasses to germinate from seed. A cold-season grass often found on golf courses, bent grass exhibits thin leaves that form a thick turf. Bent grass, which spreads with creeping stolons, does best in areas that are cool and moist. It has shallow roots that are not good at drawing water from beneath the ground's surface. The dark-green of bent grass and its fine texture make it a good choice for lawns. Under normal conditions, it does not require a lot of maintenance, such as watering and mowing.
Tall fescue is a fast-growing cold season grass that germinates between 10 to 14 days. Capable of growing in different types of soils, including those that lack fertility, tall fescue has a coarse texture and holds up well under heavy foot traffic. It is generally resistant to diseases and problems caused by insects. Tall fescue grows best in areas with full sun, but will survive in partially shaded areas. Its deep roots draw water from the ground and make it resistant to drought. It can withstand high temperatures and can be grown from both seed or sod. It also has the ability to withstand high heat and periods of drought because it has deep roots that draw water from beneath the ground. Spring and autumn are the best seasons to plant tall fescue.
Annual and perennial rye grasses are quick to germinate, usually from 10 to 14 days. Perennial rye grass typically last at least three years, while annual rye grass lasts for just one year. Although they are cold-season grasses, they are often used in warm-weather areas to provide a green colour during the winter when the existing grass goes dormant. Because they do not tolerate high temperatures, they die in these warm-season areas under the summer sun. Rye grass has a fine texture and shades of green that make for an attractive lawn. They are durable, good for covering hilly areas and grow quickly when they receive an adequate supply of water. They grow well under a full sun, or in an area with partial shade.
Creeping red fescue
A grass that is well-adapted to both sunny and shaded areas, creeping red fescue can germinate in as little as 10 days. Often used in mixes with bluegrass, creeping red fescue is a cool-season grass often referred to as creeping red. Its leaves have a fine texture and are medium to dark green, making it an attractive choice for a lawn. It is easily established from seed. Creeping red fescue is durable and considered excellent for play areas and the fairways of golf courses. It is also found along road sides and in parks. This grass can also be used to over-seed warm-season lawns, including those with Bermuda grass.