Bamboo is easy to grow and a very durable plant. It is possible for it to survive by simply watering it. However, for it to really flourish, it should be fed regularly with the correct kind of fertiliser.
Fertilisers are compounds that are added to the soil to aid in the growth cycle of plants. In nature, these compounds are made from decomposing plant or animal matter.
Types of fertilisers.
Fertilisers are usually added either to the soil for uptake by the roots, or they can be added to the leaves for uptake. They come in either organic (plant and animal matter) or inorganic compounds (non-carbonaceous chemicals or minerals).
Fertilise when planting
When planting bamboo, add a lot of organic materials to the soil. Bamboos originate in forests so decomposing plant and animal matter is abundant. Try to emulate those conditions. Use of organic Amorphous Silicate (silica gel) in the soil will also help.
Some studies state that organic fertilisation is better for the soil in long-term use. You can purchase premixed organic fertilisers from your local nursery. For bamboo, the mixture should be high in nitrogen. Standard grass fertilisers are often used with great success.
Fertilising in spring and fall
Spring feedings should be with a nitrogen rich fertiliser such as a 24-8-16 which is a common lawn fertiliser. When feeding in the fall and winter, fertiliser should be low in nitrogen, such as a 3-10-10 or 0-10-10.