Various fields are associated with criminology. One of the first ones that many people think about is the law enforcement side. But according to ULinks, a website on higher education and careers, criminology goes beyond law enforcement and includes the prevention of crime, crime intelligence and corrections within communities.
There are number of jobs within the field of criminology. Some of the most prominent are those related to law enforcement, which include U.S. marshals, sheriffs, probation officers, law enforcement officers, and border patrol agents. There are other jobs in criminology that don&rsquo;t fall under law enforcement, according to Florida State University. These include jobs in forensics, such as forensic chemists, forensic pathologists, and forensic scientists. Child welfare caseworkers and counsellors also fall into the field of criminology.
Salary by Job
Some of the highest-paid individuals in the field of criminology work as FBI agents. As of July 2010, they report a median salary of £47,190, according to PayScale. Those working as police detectives report a median salary of £39,130. Law enforcement individuals working as first-line managers of correctional officers report a median salary of £30,030 while actual correctional officers report a median salary of £21,645, according to PayScale. Police officers report a median salary of £29,770.
Education and Training
The education needed to work in criminology varies based on the type of work. Most positions require at least have a high school diploma. This is true of police officers and detectives. Many of these individuals have some type of degree, however. Training for police officers is predominantly completed through a police academy. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, counsellors working in criminology are required to have a bachelor&rsquo;s degree in a relevant field, such as psychology or sociology.
Salary by Experience
Salaries for those working in the field of criminology gradually increase as their level of experience increases. Those working with less than a year of year experience report a median salary of £23,790, while the median salary for those with one to four years of experience slightly increases to £25,220 as of July 2010. Those with 10 to 19 years of experience report a median salary of £34,385 and those with 20-plus years of experience report a median salary of £41,990, according to PayScale.
Individuals in criminology may work for a variety of employer types. Those working for the federal government have a reported median salary of £32,110, while those working for the state and local government, such as local police officers report a median salary of £28,925, according to PayScale. Law enforcement employers also include colleges and universities as well as private practices and firms. Those working in colleges and universities report a median salary of £23,400, while those working in private practices and firms have a median salary of £28,600 as of July 2010.