When choosing a breed of cat, one consistent question asked by cat owners is, "How long will my cat live?" Although one would think this is a rather straightforward question, the best answer actually is, "It depends." The type of breed can play a part in a cat's lifespan, but many more factors have equal, if not more, weight. Whether a cat is kept indoors or outdoors, its diet, spaying and neutering, and its environment all come into play when determining life expectancy. However, there are a few breeds, such as the Persian, Oriental, Egyptian Mau, Russian Blue and Siamese, which have a reputation for being long-lived cats.
According to TerrificPets.com, Persian cats live an average of 15-plus years. Persians are a healthy breed, not prone to disease. It is the ideal lap cat, extremely mellow, and perfectly content to spend its days just sitting and watching things happen around it. However, as this is a longhair breed of cat, part of maintaining its health is grooming and brushing out the cat's fur on a consistent basis.
Oriental cats are a breed of short-haired, long-lived cats. Oriental cats live an average of 15-plus years. According to PetPlanet.com, this is a high-energy, active, family-friendly breed. This breed is healthy and strong, playful and more interactive than the average feline.
Siamese cats are also a long-lived cat. Although the average lifespan is 15 years, according to PetPlanet.com, it is not unheard of for this breed to live well into its 20s. These cats are healthy, not prone to disease, and well-adapted to domestic life, meaning indoor family life. Siamese cats are a naturally thin breed, active, with beautiful long tails.
Although the average lifespan of the Egyptian Mau is just under 15 years, it's not unheard of for this breed to live into its late teens. Egyptian Maus are not prone to disease and are naturally healthy. According to Pet-adoption-guide.com, Egyptian Mau cats are a coveted breed. They are physically beautiful and are distinguished by being the only domestic breed of cat with spots. This breed is naturally thin, athletic and moderately playful. In addition, they are fiercely loyal, elegant and well-adapted to domestic life.
Like the Egyptian Mau, the Russian Blue has a lifespan of just under 15 years, though they have been known to live well into the late teens. According to PetPlanet.com, the Russian Blue cat is a tentative breed. These cats tend to be shy, reserved and slow to warm to people. Russian Blues are sensitive to loud sounds and are probably inappropriate for families with young children. However, once it warms to its owners, the cat becomes extremely playful, interactive and craves attention. The Russian Blue is a naturally elegant breed, with long legs, small feet and a lean, medium-sized body. It is not prone to disease, although it requires yearly check ups starting at age eight.