The Purpose of a Microwave Wave Guard Cover

Written by erik nielsen
  • Share
  • Tweet
  • Share
  • Pin
  • Email
The Purpose of a Microwave Wave Guard Cover
Treated metal mesh in the wave guard cover contains microwave leakage. (microwave image by Adrian Hillman from Fotolia.com)

The microwave wave guard cover is a perforated, treated metal sheeting located within the door of a microwave oven. It is standard on all microwave ovens. The guard cover protects from leakage of microwaves outside of the main chamber.

Other People Are Reading

Function

The microwave wave guard cover is part of the overall cooking chamber. The cooking chamber itself is a Faraday cage, which is an enclosure designed to neutralise the microwaves emitted by the magnetron within the microwave oven. The wave guard cover has small holes that allow you to view the food but still shield you from exposure to microwaves. This is because the wavelength of visible light waves is smaller than that of microwaves; the holes are large enough for visible light waves to pass through but too large for almost all microwaves to pass through.

Safety Standards

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration limits the amount of leakage of microwaves from a microwave oven within its lifetime to 5 mw per square centimetre, at approximately 2 inches from the oven surface. The microwave wave guard cover, as well as the whole microwave cooking chamber, ensures that requirement is met.

Health

High levels of microwaves are known to cause health issues, such as severe burns, temporary sterility or cataracts. These problems are associated with exposure to far higher amounts of microwaves than the microwave wave guard cover and Faraday cage are allowed to leak. In addition, the strength of the microwaves radically decreases with the distance from the microwave; for example, at 20 inches from the wave guard cover, the microwaves are 100 times less powerful than at 2 inches. There is little information on the effects of long-term exposure to low levels of microwaves.

Repair

You are not advised to attempt to repair your microwave wave guard cover on your own. The chamber that houses the guard cover is designed to be free of any particulates such as dust or dirt, which could interfere with the wave guard cover's ability to neutralise the microwaves; home repair is likely to introduce such particulates. Also, you cannot replace any part of the guard cover's metal perforated sheet with any household metal sheeting because, again, the guard cover is specially treated to neutralise microwaves.

Myths

Your mother may have told you to not to stare closely into the microwave because you would absorb harmful radiation. This is mostly false. It is true that the closer you are to the microwave wave guard cover, the stronger the microwaves will be, if any have leaked at all. However, the FDA-required limit on leakage is far lower than what is harmful. Also, the radiation from microwaves is not cancer causing, which may also have been a cause of your mother's worry.

Don't Miss

Filter:
  • All types
  • Articles
  • Slideshows
  • Videos
Sort:
  • Most relevant
  • Most popular
  • Most recent

No articles available

No slideshows available

No videos available

By using the eHow.co.uk site, you consent to the use of cookies. For more information, please see our Cookie policy.