What is Maasai bead jewellery?

Written by christina berry
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What is Maasai bead jewellery?
Hand-crafted beads are used in traditional Maasai jewellery. (feminine embellishment, coral image by Astroid from Fotolia.com)

The Maasai tribe, located in Kenya and Tanzania, is known for its exquisitely hand-crafted beaded jewellery. The intricate designs are created for their beauty, which is very important to the Maasai. Women set aside time in their daily schedules, congregating to a common meeting place to work on their creations. Although the women adorn themselves in jewellery that has significant meaning within the tribe, they also sell much of it to benefit their community.

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History

The Maasai tribe resides in Africa, mainly in southern Kenya and northern Tanzania. The tribe comprises approximately half a million people, and apart from beaded jewellery, their livelihood depends on herding cattle. Making beaded jewellery has been a part of their culture for many years, and learning how to create the jewellery is one of the duties of a Maasai woman. Beginning in 1900, the Maasai traded goods with Europeans for beads, which created a new-found interest in the Maasai's traditional jewellery that extended beyond the tribe.

What is Maasai bead jewellery?
The Maasai have a rich cultural history (Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images)

Significance

The beaded jewellery of the Maasai carries much significance for the tribe. Intricate and colourful designs demonstrate social standing, creativity, beauty and prosperity. Items of jewellery are often given to newly married couples as a gift. Tribe members may also wear the jewellery during ceremonies, or as a good luck wish for a successful hunt.

What is Maasai bead jewellery?
The colourful patterns carry significant meanings (Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images)

Meaning of Bead Colors

Maasai beaded jewellery features very intricate and colourful designs. However, colours are not utilised just for visual effect. Each bead colour used has a specific meaning. Red means bravery, danger, strength, unity. Blue represents sky, which provides water for cattle. Green represents grass, which is food for cattle. Orange means hospitality; white means purity, like milk from cattle; and black is the colour of the people and of hardships.

What is Maasai bead jewellery?
Each colour represents something different (Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images)

Types of Jewellery

The Maasai tribe handicrafts items of jewellery that are worn by members of the tribe for many occasions. Their creations include necklaces, bracelets, earrings, anklets, armlets and headbands. The Maasai also design beautiful beaded collars and stitch beads on clothing. Usually, tribe members with higher social standing wear the most intricate, elaborate and colourful jewellery.

What is Maasai bead jewellery?
More intricate and elaborate jewellery indicates a higher social standing (Anup Shah/Photodisc/Getty Images)

Community Benefits

The Maasai tribe sells their beaded jewellery through various outlets, and the money earned goes directly back to the community. In particular, the funds benefit schools so that the Maasai children can be properly educated. The Esiteti School in Kenya is one such school that is growing, thanks in part to the Maasai's beaded jewellery.

What is Maasai bead jewellery?
Money earned from selling the jewellery goes back into helping the community (Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images)

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