Eco-tourism gives travellers the ability to visit natural places while acting to protect nature, local traditions and culture. A central region for Ecotourism is the Amazon Jungle, because it is both one of the grandest natural settings in the world and one of the most exploited.
According to the International Ecotourism Society, eco-tourism is a type of travel to natural areas that focuses on being responsible towards the environment and taking interest in the well-being of local people. Because of its immense size and variety of indiginious people, the Amazon Jungle is one of the centres of eco-tourism.
Eco-tourism in the Amazon is designed to help preserve the natural biodiversity and indiginous cultures. Because a location as diverse as the Amazon is appealing to visit, eco-tourism can also bring a great deal of money into local economies. The tourist business, governments, and private sector businesses are all effected by eco-tourism.
The Amazon Jungle spreads out over nine countries, including Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, French Guyana, Peru, Venezuela and Suriname Natural tours--that are considered eco-tourism--can be found in all of these countries. Two of the most popular areas to find eco-tourism opportunities are in Manaus, Brazil, or Iquitos, Peru.
There are many types of activities offered on ecotours in the Amazon. You can engage in sporting activities like kayaking and hiking. There is almost endless opportunities to study biodiversity with activities such as birding, botany, herpetology and tropical fish study. Some eco-tourism organisations offer student, medical and humanitarian expeditions.
Eco-tourism in the Amazon often has very high goals with regard to preserving natural areas and native cultures. Beyond the environmental impact of preserving the biodiversity of the Amazon, a very clear argument exists for the economic benefits of eco-tourism. When properly and legally managed, eco-tourism offers a sustainable source of economic growth for what can be very impoverished areas. The balance between human activity and preserving nature that is the goal of eco-tourism gives hope to areas of the Amazon that have been exploited for their natural resources.