Gardnerella Vaginalis is a disease transmitted through sexual activity with a partner who has developed or contracted the disease. It is most commonly found in women, but is easily transmitted to men. The treatment for Gardnerella involves use of prescription medication provided by a doctor. Regardless of whether or not you think you have Gardnerella Vaginalis, it is important to obtain an STD screening regularly.
Gardnerella occurs in women when natural bacteria and the pH of the vagina become unbalanced. This is due to using certain body washes, soaps, excessive washing or douching, antibiotic use or direct exposure to the bacteria from a sexual partner. The ingredients in female contraceptives can also cause Gardnerella. Once exposed, the female can easily spread Gardnerella to her sexual partners, sometimes undetected.
Men generally do not experience symptoms of Gardnerella once exposed. The only way to detect this disease in men is by being tested. To test for Gardnerella, a physician must swab and test the bacteria within the urethra canal. Women experience greater side affects, such as discharge and odour that increases after intercourse, so it is easier to detect. If you feel your partner is experiencing side effects of Gardnerella, schedule a test with your physician right away.
Men must consume 500 mg of Metronidazole two times daily for six days to cure Gardnerella. A genital cream may also be prescribed that must be used concurrent with the oral medication. In the meantime, have your sexual partners tested for Gardnerella. Infected women will undergo similar treatment but in a lesser dosage. Return to your physician regularly to ensure you have not contracted Gardnerella once again.
Both partners need to be tested and obtain treatment for Gardnerella. Tests should occur even if the female has not experienced symptoms. If not treated, the disease can transfer back to the male partner even after he receives his treatment. To avoid re-exposure, use a condom during intercourse or other sexual contact. Avoid sharing towels, showers or other personal items and experiences with those who are infected.
It is important that both partners receive treatment right away. Not treating Gardnerella or contracting it from an untreated partner can lead to pregnancy complications in women, pelvic inflammatory diseases and an increased chance to contract STDs. It is best to complete a full STD screen between partners for a decreased transmission of sexually transmitted diseases.