Cab drivers, also called taxi drivers, are responsible for transporting individuals in their respective communities. They provide assistance to individuals who have trouble with their personal vehicles, they also enable residents and out-of-town guests to participate in business and social functions. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), cab drivers and chauffeurs held about 232,300 jobs in 2008. In addition, 26 per cent of cab drivers and chauffeurs were self-employed.
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Identification of Job Description
Job descriptions should include job title, location, department and/or industry, a name to whom the cab driver would report, management status (Y/N), exempt or non-exempt status (E/NE), salary, employment type (full-time, part-time or contract, the date the job posted, and the last job revision date). They should also explain the job summary (essential job functions/key responsibilities), education and job experience (the minimum requirements), and preferred skills or additional skills.
Roles And Responsibilities
Based on occupational assessor software at the Economic Research Institute (ERI), a cab driver's responsibilities include driving taxicabs to transport passengers for a fee, responding to radio or telephone requests to pick up passenger, logging daily transactions and collecting fees recorded on the taximeter, based on a mileage or time factor. Some cab drivers are also expected to drive limousines or custom-built sedans to pick up and discharge airport passengers arriving or leaving on scheduled flights.
A high school diploma or a GED is the minimum education requirement for cab drivers, according to careerbuilder.com. Some employers require previous work experience. However, there are also employers seeking cab drivers without experience, because they provide training on the job. Licensing standards for driving experience and training are established by local taxi commissions, according to the BLS.
Human resources departments may list other job specifications for cab drivers as follows--21 years of age or older, a valid state driver’s license, residency in the state for at least one year, ownership of a United States driver’s license for more than three years, no felony convictions (within a specified time frame) and no more than four points in the past 12 months, eight points in the past two years or 12 points in the past three years on their motor vehicle record.
Additional skills may involve being able to effectively communicate in the English language, having good customer service skills, being able to attend a Taxi Driver Introduction Program, and having the ability to work flexible hours. Cab drivers may work any schedule, including full-time, part-time, nights, evenings, weekends, and on a seasonal basis.
The BLS states that earnings of taxi drivers and chauffeurs vary greatly, depending on factors, such as the number of hours worked, regulatory conditions, customer tips, use of hybrid vehicles to save on gas expenses and geographic location. The site also states that very few cab drivers are paid an hourly wage. In May, 2008 BLS states that the middle 50 per cent of cab drivers earned between £11,550 and £17,420. The highest 10 per cent earned more than £22,236. Salary.com lists earning potential up to at least £34, 319.
Many taxi drivers pay a daily, weekly, or monthly fee to the fleet company that allows them to lease their vehicles. This fee also may include charges for vehicle maintenance, insurance, and a deposit on the vehicle. The cab driver occupation includes many self-employed drivers; however, BLS does not have data on earnings for self-employed taxi and limousine drivers.
Driving for long periods can be tiring and stressful, and being seated in the same position for most of the day can be very uncomfortable.
Cab drivers are at high risk for robbery, because they work alone and often carry large amounts of cash. Data from the BLS show that in 2009 taxi drivers and chauffeurs experienced a work-related injury and illness rate that was much higher than the national average.
Employment of cab drivers and chauffeurs is expected to grow faster than the average for all occupations. Though limited, opportunities for advancement include a Taxi Driver Supervisor role or a Bus Trolley and Taxi Instructor role. According to BLS, experienced drivers may obtain preferred routes or shifts, train others, or start their own cab fleet.
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