Potassium citrate for dogs

Written by deanna roddy
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Potassium citrate for dogs
Keep your dog healthy and happy. (sheepdog image by petar Ishmeriev from Fotolia.com)

Potassium citrate aids both cats and dogs with urinary calcium stones. Used as a supplement, potassium citrate is easy to administer to your animal with no demonstrated side effects. Bought over the counter, it is a tasty treat that can prevent painful urinary stones.

Potassium Citrate

Potassium citrate is a supplement, and according to 1-800-PetMeds, it prevents the development of urinary stones that can be painful to a dog. You can purchase this supplement over the counter and through the Internet without a prescription.


This supplement makes a dog's urine less acidic, decreasing the possibility of painful stone formation, according to Marvista Vet. Citrate levels increase in the urine and bind to calcium so that the calcium will not form stones.


Potassium citrate for dogs typically comes in granule form mixed with fatty acids. The recommended dosage, according to Drugs.com, is one scoop for every 4.54kg. of dog. You can sprinkle on or mix the granules with the food, typically twice a day. The granules come with a liver and roast beef flavour to make it appealing to dogs.

Side Effects and Precautions

There are no proven side effects associated with canine consumption of potassium citrate. Basic precautions include not giving your dog more than the recommended dosage. If your dog has a possible overdose of the supplement, contact your veterinarian immediately. The dog should not exceed six scoops of potassium citrate at one time, despite his size. 1-800-PetMeds advises consulting with your veterinarian if your dog takes any medication that includes spironolactone, triamterene or atropine, before giving potassium citrate.

After Treatment

Typically after two to four weeks of potassium citrate use, your dog should undergo a second urinalysis. If the urinalysis shows a high pH level or oxalate crystals after using this supplement, your veterinarian may choose to move onto a diuretic. If the urine shows up normal, ask for a urinalysis every two months for the remaining years of the dog's life.

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