The ability of a person to analyse and interpret information is usually gauged by means of verbal and oral examinations. However, verbal reasoning is not the only factor considered in measuring intelligence--it's also composed of non-verbal abstract reasoning.
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Non-verbal abstract reasoning is the ability of a person to understand given information and find solutions to problems by means of hands-on or visual reasoning. Tasks included in this form of understanding include abstract ideas, internalised language-based reasoning, as well as internalised reasoning without the use of language.
In non-verbal abstract reasoning, a person's intelligence is tested by measuring his ability to understand and remember visual sequences, interpret the meaning of the visual presentations given to him and understanding the relationship between these concepts, come up with visual analogies, and recognise the cause-and-effect relationship in between a sequence of situations in any given picture.
Non-verbal reasoning is important as individuals become more equipped in analysing and solving complicated problems without depending on their language abilities. Various complex mathematical concepts, physics ideas and many other science-related problems rely on non-verbal abstract reasoning and the ability to understand visual ideas without the heavy use of language.
Non-verbal intelligence is usually measured in extended IQ tests. Persons who have low levels of non-verbal intelligence can help themselves improve in said field by focusing on hands-on, tactile work; solving puzzles; playing with building blocks and toys, mazes, erector sets; and occupational therapy. Like verbal intelligence, non-verbal abstract reasoning is highly useful in solving more practical issues as the person is able to understand how things work without the need of verbal information. By means of observation, he or she will be able to locate problem areas, the cause of the problem and how it can be solved.
Therapies involving the improvement of non-verbal abstract reasoning are highly used not only in persons with low non-verbal intelligence, but with persons suffering from learning disabilities. Children diagnosed with conditions such as dyslexia and even autism are recommended to undergo non-verbal abstract reasoning therapies as they become exposed to more practical learning abilities. From there, they can unleash their learning strengths and overcome their points of weaknesses. While they continue to struggle with verbal and oral communication, they are able to improve on areas such as science, computer technology and mathematics, as these are the areas where their analytical skills are used more frequently.
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