No parking zones can be found on city streets, public property and private property areas. Owners of private property can reserve temporary extended on-street parking for a fee and can create their own parking restrictions on certain areas of their private property. Additionally, private property owners can post signs reminding others to respect the owner's property rights by not parking vehicles in a way that would impose on those rights.
Permanent No Parking Signs
Most governments or municipalities follow the same general rules in determining what areas are to be deemed as "no parking" zones. Parking is generally prohibited in areas where traffic is a concern or parking a vehicle would be physically impossible.
Parking is also prohibited in some areas even in the absence of signs indicating a no parking zone, such as in an intersection or within a certain distance of a fire hydrant. These "rules of the road" are nearly universal, but vary by state. Most of these zones will be marked in the colour red, but may not be marked and yet still considered no parking zones.
Resident Temporary No Parking Signs
In areas where street parking is limited to permit-only or metered parking, some municipalities will offer its residents or businesses temporary round-the-clock parking privileges. Requirements vary based on the municipality, but will generally require a completed permit application and will charge a fee, which can easily be over £65. This program is intended to allow parking that would last beyond the meter or permit privileges, namely for construction projects or moving vehicles.
Upon a successful application for one of these zones, permit holders will be required to post the signs ahead of the start of the no parking zone time to provide adequate notice.
No Parking Signs on Private Property
Most municipalities make it illegal to stop, park, or leave standing any vehicle in front of any driveway. In some locations, the driveway also counts as a no parking area. New York City, on the other hand, allows an owner or renter of a property to park their vehicle in front of a driveway provided that the vehicle does not also violate another rule or restriction. It is important to check your local restrictions and laws.
Most municipalities also allow private property owners to create a private tow-away zone on their property. Provided that the requirements of the regulation are met, discussed further in the section below on the requirements of the sign, the property owner can contact a towing company to have the vehicle removed and stored. In some areas, there are also provisions allowing a vehicle to be cited by law enforcement in that jurisdiction.
The No Parking Sign Itself
As with anything, check your local laws for information about sign requirements. Some private parking zones require signs, others do not. When a sign is required, specific guidelines will be in place regarding the notice required, including but not limited to the size of the sign itself and the font used. Some tow companies will require the very specific language from the statute be included on the sign before they will tow an offending vehicle, even if a citation is not required to be issued.
When language is specified in the relevant statute, be sure to use the language verbatim and follow all additional sign requirements. Please also keep in mind the rules of grammar when drafting the language of your sign.
Violating the No Parking Zone
Violation of a no parking zone can result in a vehicle citation or the vehicle being towed at the owner's expense. Some jurisdictions may also suspend the license of the registered owner or operator, impose fines, or both. The municipality's parking department may post the penalties on their website or in their office.