Video Graphics Array and Super Video Graphics Array--more commonly known as VGA and SVGA--are two standards for cables used to connect a display device to another device, such as a monitor to a computer. Although these cable types are very similar, they do have some notable differences.
SVGA cables last longer than VGA cables due to their thicker design and better protected sheath. They also use gold-plated pins to provide better conductivity between device ports, thus creating stronger signals between the two devices. VGA cables make up for their lack of longevity by being more cost effective. SVGA cables are also beneficial for situations where a longer cable is required, as they have a much longer design. However, VGA cables can also achieve extended length by using components that reconstruct the VGA's signal, allowing you to make up for the shorter cable length.
SVGA was introduced in 1990 by the Video Electronics Standards Association, while VGA was released 3 years earlier by IBM.
SVGA cables can be used for monitor resolutions up to 1024 by 768, while VGA cables can provide a maximum resolution of 640 by 480. VGA cables are able to provide a colour pallet of 256 different colours, while SVGA can produce an astonishing 16.8 million colour variations.