Quality of life is greatly improved when healthy lifestyle is maintained. In the U.S., approximately 50 million people suffer from high blood pressure. Left untreated, the condition can lead to kidney failure, heart disease, stroke or death. The importance of monitoring blood pressure levels is critical.
Blood pressure is the force of blood on blood vessel walls as blood circulates through veins, arteries and capillaries. The calculations are represented with two measured numbers; systolic pressure and diastolic pressure. In written format, the systolic number appears first.
Blood Pressure Readings
There are three ranges for blood pressure that identify health risks. Normal blood pressure in an adult is approximately 120/80, high blood pressure known as hypertension is 140/90 or higher, and any combination below 120/80 is considered low blood pressure known as hypotension. Blood pressure readings can vary depending on emotional state, posture, activity or temperature. Readings from an average of two separate measurements should be considered to account for these variants.
Blood pressure ranges by age
The chart below according www.disabledworld.com, is a reflection of average ranges for blood pressure at various ages:
Age 15 to 19 Min. Avg. Max. Systolic Range 105 117 120 Diastolic Range 73 77 81
Age 20 to 24 Min. Avg. Max. Systolic Range 108 120 132 Diastolic Range 75 79 83
25 to 29 Min. Avg. Max. Systolic Range 109 121 133 Diastolic Range 76 80 84
30 to 34 Min. Avg. Max. Systolic Range 110 122 134 Diastolic Range 77 81 85
35 to 39 Min. Avg. Max. Systolic Range 111 123 135 Diastolic Range 78 82 86
40 to 44 Min. Avg. Max. Systolic Range 112 125 137 Diastolic Range 79 83 87
45 to 49 Min. Avg. Max. Systolic Range 115 127 139 Diastolic Range 80 84 88
50 to 54 Min. Avg. Max. Systolic Range 116 129 142 Diastolic Range 81 85 89
55 to 59 Min. Avg. Max. Systolic Range 118 131 144 Diastolic Range 82 86 90
60 to 64 Min. Avg. Max. Systolic Range 121 134 147 Diastolic Range 83 87 91
High blood pressure symptoms can include dizziness, bloody nose or headaches. These symptoms may not appear pronounced for years until high blood pressure is in its advanced stages and possibly life threatening. Consult a physician for regular assessments of blood pressure and any symptoms that might be related to blood pressure status.
Blood pressure can be affected by weight, diet, exercise and medication. Diets that incorporate low sodium or no sodium choices, vegetables, low fat options and lean or meatless options can help in controlling high blood pressure. Half an hour of exercise daily can lower blood pressure. Consult a physician for a program that monitors or reduces high blood pressure levels.