A shoulder dislocation is a serious injury that might require surgery. A patient will have to undergo weeks of physiotherapy. However, after several months, most patients return to full health.
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The shoulder joint consists of several bones, muscles, and tendons. Dislocation occurs when the arm bone (humerus) pops out of the socket formed by the shoulder muscles, and is no longer attached to the scapula. When this occurs, the tendons of glenohumeral or GH joint, where the humerus meets the scapula, are damaged.
When is Surgery Needed?
The patient's age and the likelihood of a recurrent injury are the two factors doctors consider when deciding whether surgery is needed. If a patient is young and physically active, he is more likely to suffer another shoulder separation, and more likely to undergo surgery.
The operation itself involves reattaching the torn tissues and anchoring them with sutures.
Patients recovering from shoulder surgery undergo several weeks of physiotherapy in which they focus on regaining strength and range of motion in the shoulder.
About 80 per cent to 90 per cent of patients fully recover from shoulder surgery. It might take six to nine months to return to physical activity. Those who put excessive stress on the shoulder, such as throwing, can require up to a year of recovery.
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