It isn't uncommon for children to vomit, but when it happens frequently, it can be frustrating for both parents and child. Many times there isn't anything to worry about and a visit to the doctor isn't necessary. Taking a closer look at potential causes of frequent vomiting in children can help anxious parents decide on the best treatment for it.
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Frequent vomiting can be due to an infection, many times gastroenteritis, a virus that infects the gastrointestinal tract. According to http://www.kidshealth.org, the stomach flu, or gastroenteritis, can also cause nausea and a fever, but the greatest concern is keeping kids hydrated when they are vomiting frequently. Giving kids water or oral electrolyte solutions will keep them from getting dehydrated and may ease the stomach.
Another cause for frequent vomiting in children is GERD, or gastro esophageal reflux disease. This is a common cause for infants to spit up after feedings and children to vomit. Medicinenet.com finds a poorly coordinated gastrointestinal tract causes GERD. Other factors that could cause GERD are obesity, overeating, and medications. Contacting a doctor if GERD is thought to be the reason for frequent vomiting will allow doctors to properly diagnose the condition. Medication may be needed to help stop the frequent vomiting due to GERD.
Anxiety could be another reason behind frequent vomiting in children. Merck.com finds toddlers often become fearful when separated from loved ones, and also have fears of strange places, the dark and unknown situations. These anxieties can cause a nervous stomach leading to vomiting. Just because a child is feeling anxiety with frequent vomiting doesn't mean they have an underlying psychological condition, they may just need additional support in stressful situations.
The main concern for any child that is dealing with frequent vomiting is making sure they are hydrated. Infants are at greatest risk of becoming hydrated, which can result in hospitalisation. If a child is vomiting so frequently that water or electrolyte solutions cannot be kept in the body, it is a good idea to seek medical attention. Kidshealth.org suggests contacting a doctor if a parent sees any signs of very dry mouth, sunken eyes, no urination for more than 6 to 8 hours, or excessive sleepiness.
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