A thyroid tumour is a growth of excess cells that appears on the thyroid gland. A thyroid tumour can be cancerous or non-cancerous. The condition is normally diagnosed by your doctor using a physical examination, a blood test and a biopsy of the lumps that normally appear on the neck for a thyroid tumour.
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A thyroid tumour has the potential to create a series of noticeable lumps. One of the areas where you may find a lump associated with a thyroid tumour is in the front of your throat, around the area of your Adam's apple. You may also notice swollen lymph nodes on the base of your neck. These may seem similar to the swollen nodes you get when you have the flu.
A thyroid tumour may make using your throat painful, or you may notice a pain in your neck that does not go away. You may find it difficult to swallow, and you may also feel pain when you try to breathe through your mouth. Your throat may start to feel raw and raspy, and your voice may become hoarse. If the condition is allowed to advance without treatment, it may become difficult to talk.
A cough is often a symptom for many different conditions, but it can also be a telltale sign of a thyroid tumour. You may develop a cough that initially seems harmless, but as the condition advances, the cough will become more prevalent and can become chronic. It could develop into a dry cough that can be very painful if the condition is left to develop without treatment.
Aside from the pain experienced in the neck because of a thyroid tumour, there may be another set of neck symptoms that involve a different sensation. Your neck muscles may become tight and your neck may start to feel very stiff. As the tumour grows, you may feel as though there is something blocking your throat that cannot be resolved.
A thyroid tumour and thyroid cancer are unique in their treatment because the primary initiative of treatment is usually surgery to remove the damaged part of the thyroid. Surgery to remove any part of the thyroid because of a thyroid tumour is called a thyroidectomy. In the case of a total thyroidectomy, in which the doctor must remove the entire thyroid to remove the tumour, you may be put on a regiment of radiation treatment to keep the cancer from spreading to other parts of the body.
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