Types of filler flowers

Updated July 19, 2017

Baby's breath in a bouquet of roses seems to have become a floral cliché. But filler flowers serve an important purpose in the art of flower arrangements, and their varieties and uses stretch far beyond those ubiquitous little white flowers.


When creating flower arrangements, filler flowers are used to fill in the spaces between bigger, more prominent flowers. They can also be used to create contrast with other elements of the arrangement, add more colours and textures, and contribute to the variety of a bouquet.


Generally, flowers chosen for filler have small blossoms and grow in clusters. They frequently have long, thin stems, which make them easy to insert where needed in the arrangement.

Filler flowers are often less expensive than the main flowers in the bouquet, and opting for an arrangement with more of them can be a good choice if you're on a budget.

Types of Flowers Used

Popular choices for filler flowers include, of course, baby's breath, which has large clusters of small white flowers; feverfew, a small white flower similar to a daisy with white petals and a yellow centre; and pompon asters, which are small, round-shaped blossoms that come in a variety of colours. Queen Anne's lace, featuring distinctive clusters of small white flowers, can also be used.

Wax flowers, which have small, delicate blossoms and foliage similar to pine needles, are also a popular choice, as is statice, a flower with clusters of papery blossoms that come in colours such as purple, pink and white.

Other Options

Bouquet filler is not limited to flowers. Greenery, such as ferns, can add a natural look to bouquets and quickly fill in holes. Florists also use small berries, such as hypericum berries, to add small amounts of colour.

Striking leaves, such as eucalyptus, can also make a strong statement in an arrangement. For a more natural look, try adding twigs to the display.

Filler as the Bouquet

For some floral arrangers, flowers and greenery typically relegated to filler makes its way to the forefront in filler-flower bouquets. Because filler flowers often have a natural, wild flower-like appearance, bouquets composed completely of filler can have a more relaxed appearance. Additionally, filler flowers are generally far less expensive than other floral products, so buyers--especially budget-conscious brides--may be interested in turning to this option to save a little money.

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About the Author

Kate Carpenter is a reporter and designer based in Pocatello, Idaho. She has worked as a writer, designer and copy editor for three years, and she earned a degree in magazine editing and design from the University of Missouri in 2007.