What are the causes of leg & knee pain?

Written by kelly nuttall
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There is absolutely no mistaking leg and knee pain, especially when we are using them, which let's face it, is most of the day. Walking up stairs, walking down stairs, walking on hard surfaces, jogging, or just standing still all can put stress on out legs and knees. Doing everyday activities can be much more challenging when the lower part of our body is yelling out for us to stop. There are reasons for the pain and there are things that can be done to stop it.

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Arthritis

Arthritis, a condition where the joints become inflamed, is commonly found in the knees and hips. The symptoms of arthritis are stiffening of the joints, making it difficult to use them, along with dull to severe aches that linger in and around the joints. Arthritis is found more in the elderly though it is not uncommon to find it in people of all ages. There are many medications available to treat and ease the symptoms of arthritis.

Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT), is a condition where the blot clots in the large veins of the legs. DVT's can be life threatening if they travel to the lungs, causing a pulmonary embolism. Though it is reported that nearly half of DVT sufferer's never experience pain. For the other half the pain is described as a lingering ache and the leg is very tender to the touch, especially in the calf area. The leg will also turn blue or purple do to the circulation that has been cut off from the clot. DVT's can form over a slow period of time, giving the sufferer time to get it resolved. However many DVT's form quickly, with no warning signs at all. DVT's do not have to be life threatening if caught in time. To read more about DVT's visit www.vdf.org/diseaseinfo/dvt/index.php.>

Diabetic Nerve Pain

Diabetes can cause severe damage to the nerves, especially in the legs and around the knees. The symptoms are described as a sharp shooting pain with a burning sensation, along with tingling and numbness. There are medications available to treat diabetic nerve pain so contact your medical provider if you think that you are suffering from this condition. To read more about treatments available visit the reference below.

Shin Splints

Shin splints is inflammation in the muscles around the shins of the legs. Shin splints are more common in people who run, speed walk, play tennis, or cycle for long distances. A shin splint is a severe pain that appears in the front of the leg directly below the knee. The pain can be so severe that it throbs, causing the entire leg to ache. According to the Mayo Clinic shin splints do not have to be an ongoing problem. They can be treated with the right amount of rest. To read more about shin splints visit the reference below.

Sprain

It is common to sprain a knee or an ankle, especially for athletes. A sprain is an injury to a ligament due to stress that is put on the ligament usually caused by an unfamiliar move or twist. A sprain is an immediate sharp shooting pain that is impossible not to notice. The pain can linger up the leg but is most severe in and around the injured area. If the sprain is severe oftentimes surgery is required to fix the ligament but for milder strains time and rest is all that is needed.

Tendinitis

Tendons connect the tissue to the muscle and are found throughout the entire body. The tendons in the leg and knee areas are more at risk for injury since the leg and knees are used daily and in vigorous exercise. When the tendons get pulled or torn it can cause severe pain that can linger throughout the entire leg and knee if severe enough. Tendinitis is accompanied by swelling and tenderness of the injured area. For torn tendons surgery may be required if the tear is severe enough. But for pulled and stressed tendons time and rest are usually all that is required for proper healing.

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