A common cause of sore gums is gingivitis, the inflammation and infection of gum tissue around the teeth. Gingivitis is often indicated by red, swelling and bleeding gums. It likely arises when a person has poor dental hygiene, heavy plaque deposits, unhealthy eating habits or misaligned teeth. Other conditions such as vitamin deficiencies, allergies, drug reactions and blood disorders can cause gingivitis as well. These are the most common ways to combat the gum soreness caused by gingivitis.
A Professional Cleaning
Get your teeth cleaned professionally at least twice a year. A thorough cleaning that can only be done in a dentist's office is the best way to treat gingivitis. After a dental hygienist removes all the plaque and tartar from your teeth (a process that may be uncomfortable, depending on your gums' sensitivity and plaque build-up), your gums should soon feel much better. But you must brush and floss every day between dentist-office cleanings.
Brushing, Flossing, Rinsing
Brushing your teeth with a clean, soft toothbrush after every meal for at least two minutes and flossing at least twice a day are two practices of good dental hygiene. Additionally, be sure to use an antiseptic mouth rinse regularly. If you adhere to this daily regimen, your gums should become less sore.
If you are properly hydrated, you will produce plenty of saliva. Because human saliva is rich in oxygen, it slows the rate at which the bacteria in your mouth reproduce. Your saliva also contains enzymes, which help your body produce bacteria-neutralising antibodies. Drink plenty of water and reduce your intake of cigarettes, alcohol and diet pills, as they tend to dehydrate you. Certain prescription drugs, including antidepressants and blood pressure medications, dehydrate you as well. Drink extra water to combat that side effect.
Sometimes, teeth that are misaligned and mouth appliances that fit poorly make it difficult to clean all the plaque off your teeth. Your dentist may recommend that you visit an orthodontist to repair any such problem, so you can keep your teeth clean and your gums healthy.
A Healthy Diet
Consuming lots of fibre boosts your immune system, which helps fight bacteria from thriving in your mouth. Eating naturally crunchy foods aids in removing bacteria from your teeth by creating a rubbing motion against the teeth. Getting your daily vitamins and minerals--particularly vitamins B and C and minerals zinc, iron, magnesium, potassium, selenium and calcium--helps fight gingivitis. Lastly, avoiding sugar lowers the amount of bacteria in your mouth.
A Warning About Periodontitis
If left untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis, an inflammatory disease that may result in infection or loss of teeth or the bone around them. Treatment for periodontitis is costly and can extend to surgery.