What is Sodium Valporate?

Written by a. michelle caldwell
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Sodium Valproate is an anticonvulsant used to control and prevent epileptic seizures, to treat mania (frenzied, abnormal excitement) and to prevent migraines. Tell your doctor if you have any adverse symptoms while using Sodium Valproate. If you have an allergic reaction to Sodium Valproate see a doctor immediately. Sodium Valproate cannot be purchased over the counter, it must be prescribed by your doctor.


Sodium Valproate is a valeric acid derivative with a molecular formula of C8H15NaO2. It is a white, crystalline solid that is freely soluble in water.


Sodium Valproate can stop, lessen the frequency of, and lessen the severity of epileptic seizures, including complex partial seizures and simple and complex absence seizures. In persons with bipolar disorder, Sodium Valerate can treat mania. It can prevent migraines, but it cannot relieve migraines once they have begun.

How to Use

In tablet form, Sodium Valproate is usually combined with valproic acid. The tablets can be taken with a meal or on an empty stomach. Follow your doctor's specific instructions. Professional medical personnel administer intravenous Sodium Valproate in the hospital. If you feel unwell after you begin taking Sodium Valproate, call your doctor.

Side Effects

Sodium Valproate tablets can cause sleepiness; dizziness; insomnia; nervousness; hair loss; diarrhoea; vomiting; abdominal pain; indigestion; loss of appetite; thrombocytopenia; tremor; weakness; respiratory tract infection; sore throat; difficulty breathing; low blood pressure; palpitation; peripheral oedema; rapid heartbeat; chest pain; amnesia; abnormal dreams; anxiety; confusion; depression; malaise; personality disorder; bruising; dry skin; minute, round, nonraised haemorrhage in the skin or in a mucous or serous membrane; itching; rash; cessation of menstruation; painful menstruation; belching; flatulence; vomiting blood; increased appetite; pancreatitis; periodontal abscess; taste perversion; weight gain; urinary frequency; urinary incontinence; vaginitis; increased AST and ALT; abnormal gait; painful joints; back pain; rigidity; tension; and spasticity of the muscles; incoordination; leg cramps; muscle pain; weakness; burning, prickling, itching, or tingling skin; twitching; blurred vision; abnormal vision; rapid, involuntary, and oscillatory movement of the eyeball; deafness; otitis media; ringing in the ears; nose bleed; increased cough; pneumonia and sinusitis. When administered by injection, Sodium Valproate can cause chest pain; headache; injection site inflammation; injection site pain; injection site reaction; dilation of vein; sweating; abdominal pain; diarrhoea; nausea; vomiting; dizziness; euphoria; abnormally weak sense of pain, heat, cold, or touch; nervousness; burning, prickling, itching, or tingling of the skin; sleepiness; tremor; sore throat and taste perversion.

Special Considerations

If you have had an allergic reaction to a product that contains Sodium Valproate or valproic acid, be sure to tell your doctor before using Sodium Valproate. If you have an allergic reaction (rash, itching, difficulty breathing) to Sodium Valproate see a doctor immediately.


Sodium Valproate overdose can cause sleepiness, irregular heartbeat, and loss of consciousness. If you have any of these symptoms, see a doctor immediately.

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