Appendix pain, also known as appendicitis, is a medical condition characterised by the inflammation and swelling of the vermiform appendix in individuals. Despite the fact that the vermiform appendix is a vestigial and nonfunctioning organ in the human body, its inflammation often causes extreme pain and discomfort to individuals afflicted with the condition. The severity of the pain generally worsens with the passage of time. Appendicitis is generally more prevalent in children and young adults between the ages of 20 to 30; however, other age groups can also develop the condition.
Causes of Appendicitis
Exact causes and risk factors leading to appendicitis in children are not clearly known. Certain factors such as an obstruction like a food waste or a hard stool piece, or an infection (mostly bacterial) are often possible risk factors leading to the development of appendicitis.
Pain is one of the most common symptoms in children afflicted with appendicitis. During the initial stages of the condition, the patient experiences severe aching pain near the navel; however, the pain shifts toward the lower side of the abdomen on the right side. As the condition of appendicitis progresses, the pain also gradually increases in severity.
Other Symptoms Associated with Appendicitis
Some of the other common symptoms that are often experienced by children suffering from appendix pain include nausea, vomiting (occasionally), diarrhoea, loss of appetite and weight, swelling near the abdominal region, mild fever, irregular and improper bowel movements, and drowsiness.
Surgery is one of the most common treatment methods. The surgical procedure depends upon the severity of the condition. The surgeon can either perform the traditional surgical procedure or laproscopy. In the general surgery, a single incision is made near the abdomen of the patient by the surgeon, through which the affected and inflamed vermiform appendix is removed. In the laproscopy method, an instrument known as the laproscope is used to examine the abdominal region of the patient, and CO2 gas is utilised in order to inflate the area, thus preventing making large incisions as in the normal surgical procedure. Because of no large incisions, laproscopy is often considered to be a better option than the normal surgery because the recovery time is less.
Non-surgical Treatment Methods
If the patient is unfit or not well enough to undergo the surgical procedure, medications are given to those patients to help treat the appendicitis. The most common non-surgical treatment includes administration of antibiotics to cure the infection.